According to Fowler et al. (2019), roughly 20,000 children in the United States age out of foster care each year and lose their safety nets. Transitioning to adulthood is challenging for youth who have aged out of the foster care system. When foster adolescents reach the age of 18—or 21, they lose access to the financial, educational, and social services formerly provided by the child welfare system. In some areas, this threat in a variety of young adult categories leads to substance abuse, mental health issues, and a general increase in societal evils. This leads young adults to perform poorly in comparison to their peers.
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